Ήρα Έμκε-Πουλοπούλου
DemographicPanorama.gr

   

 

 
 
 
 
 

Trafficking in Women and Children:
Greece, a country of destination and transit

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. ESTIMATES AND STATISTICS........................................................9
1.1. Trafficked women and children.........................................................................9
1.1.1. Some global estimates ................................................................................9
1.1.2. Estimates and Statistics for Greece....................................10
1.2. The traffickers................................................................13
1.3. The clients..........................................................14

2. TRAFFICKING AS A VIOLATION OF FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND
HUMAN DIGNITY
............................................................................................15
2.1. Causes and consequences of trafficking.......................................................15
2.1.1. The main causes of trafficking in the countries of origin.......................................15
2.1.2. The situation in the countries of transit and destination. The case of Greece...........17
2.2. The role of the mass media.........................................................21
2.2.1. In the countries of origin.............................................................21
2.2.2. In the countries of transit and destination ........................................................22
2.3. The consequences of trafficking................................................................................22
2.3.1. Consequences for the physical and mental health of women and children ............22
2.3.2. The effect on economies and especially the stock markets..........................23
2.3.3. Other consequences ...........................................................................................23

3. TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN AS A LUCRATIVE BUSINESS
AND A CRIME
...................................................................................................25
3.1. Trafficking as a lucrative low risk business...........................................................25
3.2. Trafficking in women and children as a crime ....................................................26
3.2.1. Women and children are victims not criminals .................................................26
3.2.2. The criminals: Traffickers, intermediaries and aides..........................................26
3.2.3. The clients .......................................................................................................30
3.2.4. Corruption of public officials and especially of police officers and low rank policemen....31
3.2.5. How responsible are society and the state?.......................................................32

4. POLICY ON TRAFFICKING AND FORCED PROSTITUTION IN GREECE.......................35
4.1. Repressive measures for the offenders....................................................................35
4.1.1. Administrative control and repression of corruption..............................................35
4.1.2. Measures to curb the activities of the traffickers and for their strict punishment............35
4.1.3. Changes at the legislative level........................................................................36
4.1.4. Measures to confront the clients as accessories and/or jointly responsible in cases of the
prostitution of minors. ....................................................................................36
4.2. Preventive and protective measures for the victims ...........................................37
4.2.1. Measures for preventing trafficking ..............................................................37
4.2.2. Measures for informing and protecting the victims........................................37
4.2.3. Measures for the rehabilitation of the victims ........................................38
4.3. Other measures ...............................................................................38
CONCLUSION.......................................................................................39

BIBLIOGRAPHY.............................................................................41

APPENDIX A
GREEK NEWSPAPERS
........................................................................49
1997................................................................................................51
1998......................................................................................................51
1999.................................................................................................52
2000................................................................................................................52
2001......................................................................................53

APPENDIX B
INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS AND ACTION CONCERNING TRAFFICKING
IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN
...............................................................................53
1. Bilateral and International instruments before the creation of the UN....................55
2. The United Nations........................................................55
3. The Council of Europe.............................................................................56
4. European Communities- European Union..................................................57
5. International Labor Organization (ILO).......................................................58
6. International Organization for Migration (IOM) .....................58
7. Other Organizations................................................59

APPENDIX C
NATIONAL LEGISLATIONS
..........................................59
1. Overseas Legislation...................................................................61
2. Some European Legislation on trafficking..............................................61
3. The Greek legislation and Judicial Practice...........................................62
A. Greek Legislation...........................................62
B. The Greek Judicial practice.................................................63
C. The National Commission of Greece for Human Rights ................................64

APPENDIX D
TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN AND CHILDREN: CONFERENCES, INTERNATIONAL CAMPAIGNS
AND PROGRAMMES, CITIZENS' GROUPS
......................................................63
1. International Campaigns and Programmes............................................65
2. Conferences referring to Trafficking .........................................................66
3. Citizens groups..............................................................................67